Gum Ghatti became used as an alternative to Gum Arabic/Acacia since around 1900. The largest application for Gum Ghatti in the U.S. has been in powdered oil-soluble vitamins and as an emulsifier (oil in water emulsions). It is also used in fat containing table syrups. Industrial applications for Gum Ghatti include water resistance in powdered explosives, varnishes, emulsified waxes, wallpaper gum sizing, textile dyes and in oil well drilling mud. Fine powder particle size aids in cold process activation and delivery of maximum viscosity (minimum 140 MESH). Activated Gum Ghatti delivers higher viscosity in water than Gum Arabic/Acacia but lower than Gum Karaya.